In chaos, there is IVF

08 Oct, 2022

In chaos, there is IVF

History:

Did you know that IVF existed even before 1978??? Before the birth of Louise Brown in 1978, 1891 marked the first successful birth of a nonhuman mammal. Isn’t that amazing?

Face behind the major milestones prior to human IVF:


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Walter Heape

1891- Reported the first successful embryo transfer in a mammal

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Gregory Goodwin Pincus

1934- In Vitro Fertilization in rabbits in 1934

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John Charles Rock

1944- First to extract an intact fertilised egg


Currently, IVF accounts for millions of births worldwide. The growing demand for fertility treatment drives research and expansion of technologies to optimize IVF success.


Why IVF?

IVF is the most effective type of assisted reproductive technology (ART). This is considered to be the most common treatment for people who are unable to conceive naturally. Numerous studies have shown that the success rate of IVF varies from 30-35% in India. However, the success rate globally for IVF is 40%.

With an increasing success rate in this field, the demand for good IVF specialists also grows. IVF training in India is gaining popularity in recent times and it seems to be a beacon of hope to all the infertile couples. IVF courses in India are designed in a way that makes the developments within infertility treatment using technological advances in reproductive medicine.


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4 Decades and continuing…

Although we are celebrating 4 decades of human IVF, the procedures involved have been around much longer and are still developing. Technological developments in the IVF field have been beyond imagination during the last four years and the success rate in these procedures have been amazing.


What does it include?

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Cryopreservation of surplus embryos

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Introduction of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) to treat male factor infertility

 

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Chromosomal screening by preimplantation genetic diagnosis

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Mitochondrial donation or three parent IVF

 

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Cryopreservation of ovarian tissue

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Uterine transplantation


 

Pursuing other life goals first and delayed child bearing has increased the use of IVF in the recent years. There are several other alterations in the treatment of infertility that would not be possible without IVF.


Steps involved in IVF:


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Step 1: Stimulation or super ovulation

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Step 2: Egg retrieval


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Step 3: Insemination and fertilization

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Step 4: Embryo culture


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Step 5: Embryo transfer



Risks included with IVF

Though IVF is generally safe, however there are risks involved in these procedures.



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Multiple Pregnancy

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Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome


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Ectopic Pregnancy

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Possible Birth defects



What does the future hold?



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Recent studies conducted by top institutes suggests that by 2100, about 10% of the world population will probably be alive as a result assisted reproductive technologies (ART) transforming the way a significant percentage of the human species propagates. Specialities in reproductive medicine is rapidly transforming human reproduction and is thus bound to remain of vital importance to both science and society. The future of reproductive medicine holds many promises and advances.

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Ms Samarpita Das is a senior content writer and coordinator at Medline Academics. Ltd. She has extensive experience in researching educational topics. She holds a dual Master's Degree in English Literature and Economics from the University of Mumbai. She is a frequent content contributor to several websites as per SEO standards.

- MS. SAMARPITA DAS